Updating occupational prestige and socioeconomic scores pros and cons of carbon 14 dating
Studies that directly asked the respondents on what basis they rated occupations, or that asked them to rate occupations on selected dimensions such as "value to the society" or "power," did not culminate in conclusive results.
Individuals' evaluations seem to be based on their judgments of the "overall desirability" of occupations (Goldthorpe and Hope 1974; Hauser and Featherman 1977). 1981 Vertical Classification: A Study in Structuralism and the Sociology of Knowledge.
First, very different methods for soliciting occupational evaluations yield very similar prestige hierarchies. Terrell 1975 "Women, Work and Wages-Trends in the Female Occupation Structure." In Kenneth C. 1992 "Concepts and Measurement of Prestige." Annual Review of Sociology 3–280.
Presenting respondents with an occupational title (e.g., electrician), the North-Hatt study asked them to "pick out the statement that best gives your personal opinion of the general standing that such a job has." Five response categories, ranging from "excellent standing" to "poor standing," were presented, along with a "don't know" option. Land and Seymour Spilerman, eds., Social Indicator Models. Keiko Nakao gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Low-status service and farming occupations especially came to be more favorably evaluated (see Table 1). These titles were rated by a sample of 1,166 respondents, each of whom rated 110 occupations.The evaluation involved sorting cards, each bearing one occupational title, onto a sheet displaying a nine-rung ladder of social standing (from "1" for the lowest possible social standing to "9" for the highest possible).Nakao and Treas (1994) found a correlation of .96 between the mid-1960s and 1989. First, the relative income and education levels associated with various occupations are quite stable over time (Treiman and Terrell 1975). (1964) noted modest gains for blue-collar occupations, an upswing in scientific occupations and the "free" professions (e.g., "physician"), and a downturn in artistic, cultural, and communication occupations. Second, to the extent that prestige is fixed by the division of labor and workplace authority, we do not expect the prestige of flight attendants to soar above that of pilots. Nakao and Treas (1994) compared the scores for 160 occupational titles evaluated in both 19 and found that the mean score moved up from 45.2 to 47.5 while the standard deviation declined from 17.3 to 15.8.