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Like many of Malory's knights, Havelok has been recognized as a male Cinderella. He identifies this Gunter with the Danish invader defeated by Alfred the Great, who in the A. Before the deed can be done, however, Grim and his wife see a mysterious light coming from the boy's mouth while he sleeps, and a "kynmerk," the cross-shaped birthmark of a king on his shoulder, which convinces them of Havelok's divinely appointed royal status.
9 David Staines, in "Havelok the Dane: A Thirteenth-Century Handbook for Princes," , second ed., revised by Kenneth Sisam (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1956), this appears in the Anglo-French Chronicle of Peter de Langtoft, "who died early in the reign of Edward II, and whose Chronicle closes with the death of Edward I. 11 See Idelle Sullens' edition of (Binghamton: Medieval & Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1996), p. But instead of accepting Havelok's fealty, Godard hands the boy over to a fisherman, Grim, with instructions to kill him.
The scene then shifts to Havelok's own similar childhood in Denmark.
13 Nancy Mason Bradbury, "The Traditional Origins of 90 (1993), pp. Indeed, the legend persisted in oral traditions into the seventeenth century, "when Gervase Holles recorded some variant versions of the tale from the townspeople of Grimsby" (p. 14 Piero Boitani, (New York: Rinehart & Winston, 1966) links the male Cinderella motif to the desires of the poem's humble audience (p. For a comprehensive discussion of male Cinderellas, see Eve Salisbury, "(Re)dressing Cinderella," in opens with the unfortunate childhood of the English princess Goldeboru, Havelok's future wife, orphaned when her father, the good King Athelwold dies, leaving her inadvertently in the hands of a wicked foster parent and protector, Godrich.
When the scene shifts to Denmark, we discover that King Birkabein embodies similar personal and political virtues.
When Havelok's father King Birkabein dies, he and his two sisters are left in the care of the treacherous usurper, Godard, who cuts the throats of the two young girls and threatens the life of Havelok.
Each member of the corporate body in this system is expected to contribute to the welfare of the whole organism in order to enhance the quality of communal life.
At the center of the body politic, or at its heart, reside the dual laws - divine and positive - by which the organism operates.
Like the biblical King Saul, he stands out in a crowd: he has a royal bearing that separates him from the ordinary.
Havelok also consumes more food than ordinary men, a fact that motivates the hero to seek employment and contribute to the support of his foster family.